Anxiety is characterized as a state of hyperarousal. present in other anxiety-type disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, mania or bipolar disorder, personality disorders, PTSD, or phobias to name a few. Emotional symptoms of anxiety include nervousness, irritability, dream, insomnia or trouble sleeping, easily startled/distracted and difficulty in concentrating. Physical symptoms of anxiety are often overlooked; these include muscle twitching, restlessness, shakiness, fatigue, muscular aches or tension.
How does your body experience anxiety?
Anxiety is the heightened response of the Autonomic nervous system; the ANS controls the heart, gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems (including sexual health and libido), and parts of the Neurologic system. It is quite possible to suffer from heart palpitations (a fluttering feeling in your chest), shortness of breath, chest pain, sweating, a sensation of choking, heartburn/nausea/vomiting, stomach aches, frequent peeing, dizziness and or headache, while experiencing anxiety or an anxious episode.
In Ontario, about 10% of the population has a mental illness and receives only about 7% of health care funds
Don’t Panic! Anxiety is manageable and treatable. Check out these tips for managing grounding and managing anxiety:
Avoiding stimulants like coffee, caffeinated drinks, stimulating drugs
Stabilize blood sugar levels. Low blood sugar can trigger feelings of anxiety. Eat a meal or small snack every 2 hours if you find that feelings of “hanger” trigger anxiety.
Removing other foods that trigger anxious feelings
Inhale for 4 seconds. Pause for 7 seconds. Exhale for 8 seconds. Closing your eyes if you feel comfortable, practice this type of breathing throughout the day and during periods of anxiety and stress, starting with 3-5 cycles. Exhaling for twice as long as inhaling reminds us that no matter how much we take in, we must always let go of more.
In a standing, seated, or laying down position. Wiggle your toes; focusing on how they feel in your shoes or socks. Are you bare foot? How do they feel rubbing against each other? By bringing your attention downwards to your feet, you are bringing attention from your thoughts and into your body.
Name 5 things you can SEE.
Name 4 things you can TOUCH.
Name 3 things you can HEAR.
Name 2 things you can SMELL.
Name 1 thing you can TASTE.
Supplements, Vitamins, Minerals
Dr. Usman takes extra care when it comes to your health. She may recommend specific supplements or nutrients (individualized to your treatment plan) that will help you to manage your symptoms and to improve your mood and energy. Note: any botanical, herb, supplement, or vitamin that Dr. Usman prescribes, is specific to your health needs and takes into account any medications you’re currently on or underlying health conditions. Self medicating can be dangerous; just because its natural, doesn’t always mean its safe. Consult Dr. Usman, ND, prior to trying any new supplement, herb/botanical.
Dr. Usman may recommend a course of an acupuncture treatment weekly for 4-8 weeks to help improve and stabilize mood, improve energy, and lessen symptoms of anxiety.
Yes, when anxiety happens it can feel like your thoughts, emotions, and sometimes your bodily functions are running away without you. There are effective ways to manage the underlying root cause while improving the uncomfortable symptoms. If this article resonated with you and/or you think someone else may benefit from it – please do not hesitate to share this blog! The better we understand anxiety and mood disorders and how they fit in the greater scheme of wellness.
I love a good grocery store, it’s like being a kid in a candy store for me! Whenever there is a new grocery store that pops up, I go check it out and always come out with something new! Especially going to the states, where they have difference products than Canada. Would you believe me if I told you that when I travel my carryon is full of American products (I swear, it’s true)? I get pulled over to be searched, Every. Single. Time. But I do realize not everyone is like me who loves to grocery shop, so here are the grocery store hacks to make it easy!
Never shop hungry. You know what I’m talking about – it leads to buying way more than you need, and more snacking too.
Make a list before you go of the must-haves and what you are planning to prep for that week. This way you don’t over or under buy. Pro Tip – organize your list into the sections of the grocery store so you are in and out quicker.
Go early in the morning, fresher produce + less people (win-win)
Shop the perimeter of the store first. Produce and meat (the essentials) then the other stuff you may need in the isles.
Don’t be afraid of the frozen fruits + veg, it makes it more affordable to buy organic
Shop the seasonal fruits and veg, that’s what our body craves.
Read the labels! Low fat, gluten free, sugar free – this doesn’t mean healthy! Read the ingredients and make sure you understand what is listed.
Use the dirty dozen and clean 15 list to buy organic foods. It can be costly, so don’t forget about the frozen option.
BYOB – bring your own bag.
Let’s break down a general grocery list. This will give you options of proteins, vegetables, condiments, etc. but is definitely an elongated list!
Meat based proteins:
Organic chicken and turkey. If you’re craving turkey slices, go for the nitrate free
Atlantic salmon or smoke salmon
White fish, shrimp, scallops if they are looking fresh
Grass fed beef/ burgers, but not very often (1 X per week)
Dairy and eggs:
2% plain Greek yogurt
Feta/ goats milk cheeses
Grass fed butter/ ghee (I love Lee’s ghee)
Almond, cashew or oat milk – all unsweetened
Fruits and veg
Japanese sweet potato (can also do regular sweet potato)
Your choice of greens (I prefer spinach and arugula)
Onions and garlic
Avocado (for smoothies)
Stir fried veggies of your choice (stay away from corn)
What’s the difference between disordered eating and an eating disorder? It’s a fine line. It’s not a label of who you are, but it does bring awareness to the majority of the population who don’t know how to eat and have an unhealthy relationship with food. What, you may ask, is the determining factor between an eating disorder and disordered eating? How much these thoughts control you, your level of obsession with food, exercise, thoughts and behaviours.
Eating disorders that are diagnosed are labeled as as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, overeating. It excludes other types of disordered eating such as the behaviours listed below.
Signs of disordered eating:
Rituals and routines that surround food and exercise
Anxiety around certain foods
Labelling foods as good or bad
Obsessive thoughts around food, weight, and body image
Negative impact on quality of life
Excessive exercise & food restriction (especially to make up for “bad foods” consumed)
The above can all be the precursor to an eating disorder.
The lack of understanding comes from society and the abundance of information out there. I am here to tell you, eating well can be really simple. It takes some mental strength and willpower to forget all you have learned, forget your fears about foods, the diets you have tried and what is ‘good’ and ‘bad’, and instead, listen and trust your body. Do the research on what works and what doesn’t, because the truth is – everyone is unique. But, let’s talk about some general guidelines to follow (*notice I didn’t say ‘rules’ to follow, because these are just that, guidelines with no set right/wrong). It is always good to consult with a nutritionist for a more specific plan.
Food is fuel. I say this all the time because so many people choose to believe that calories are bad, high fat foods will make you fat, and eating less means weight loss. When in fact, this isn’t the case. Calories are energy we burn energy all day just by breathing, we need calories.
Let’s talk ‘how to’s’ on eating properly.
Start your day with breakfast
3 meals + 1-2 snacks/ day
2-3 hours between each meal
Put your food on a plate (i.e do not eat out of a bag)
Make sure you have protein + fat + fibre at each meal
Take account quality vs. quantity of foods
Focus on whole foods vs. low fat/ low calorie
Drink at least 2 litres of water/ day
Eliminate nighttime eating/ emotional based eating
Many people suffer with disordered eating but do not even realize it. Disordered eating can be difficult to detect since each persons patterns are unique and may not be displayed at all times. It impacts both mental and physical health, to a point of real danger. These consequences include a greater risk of obesity and eating disorders, bone loss, digestive disturbances, low heart rate and blood pressure, increased anxiety and depression and social isolation.
Consulting with a nutritionist allows you to set a plan in motion specific to what your unique needs are.
PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and is a condition that affects the natural balance of female hormones. Nearly 10% of women have PCOS globally. Read more about the involvement of hormones here [https://thewellnesssuiteto.com/pcos-naturopathic-treatment-solutions/]. While cysts on the ovaries are only part of the diagnose, they aren’t always present in all cases. To diagnose PCOS a woman needs to exhibit at least 2 out of the 3 following symptoms: ovarian cysts, anovulatory cycles (not ovulating during her period/irregular cycles), and male-type characteristics such as increased facial hair and hair loss on the head.
The imbalance of hormones and menstrual irregularities aren’t the sole indicators of PCOS. In fact, this disease has similar symptoms to metabolic disorders like diabetes. The hormone insulin (the which is off balance in diabetes) also plays a significant role in how PCOS leads to obesity and fat gain around the waist. Insulin is the storage hormone; when we eat sugars the body releases insulin to signal the all the cells to take in the sugar. If the cells have had enough sugar they eventually stop responding to insulin, and since insulin is a storage hormone, the sugars get converted to fat and stored in fat.
Insulin also affects ovulation. When insulin is imbalanced ovulation may or may not occur. It is common to have blood sugar dysregulation, abdominal obesity, and diabetic-like symptoms with PCOS.
Other symptoms like coarse hair growth on the face and hair loss on the scalp are due to an imbalance between male and female hormones. The absence of ovulation may cause a relative increase in male hormones (ovulation = progesterone being produced). Some women may also experience estrogen dominance where due to the absence of ovulation, there is no progesterone being produced and the abundant estrogen causes symptoms of decreased sex drive, boating, hot flashes, and worsening of PMS symptoms. Imbalances of sex hormones produced by the adrenal glands also contribute to PCOS.
Treatment options vary on both the type of PCOS you have as well as the symptoms you are presenting with. Your doctor and/or naturopath will best be able to provide you with an individualized treatment protocol to support your hormonal health. Here are some commonly used options to encourage the rebalancing of hormones
The heavy influence of insulin on PCOS symptoms means that by actively eliminating excess or refined sugars from our diet will promote regular ovulation and menstrual cycles. Limiting the consumption of sugary treats, refined carbs like bread, pastas, cakes/cookies/muffins/bagels and any added sugars in foods (re: sugary drinks like soda and fruit juices, sugars added to sauces and salad dressings) has a profound effect on regulating periods while also improving blood sugar and other markers of diabetes. Increasing fibre in the diet also helps to bind to and remove any excess hormones.
In addition to diet, lifestyle factors like proper sleep, adequate exercise, and stress management also help to maintain a healthy balance of hormones. Stress often makes any underlying condition or disease worse, so plan out time in your daily schedule for relaxation activities. Aim for 7-8 hours of quality, uninterrupted sleep every night.
3. Botanicals, Herbs, Supplements, and Vitamins
Vitex: Also known as chasteberry, helps to promote and support ovulation, improve mood, bloating, PMS symptoms, acne, and cravings. There is some evidence that vitex may not be for every woman with PCOS, especially those with increased LH.
Licorice: Supports stress management and cortisol production, decreases excess androgens in combination with white peony.
White Peony: When combined with licorice has been noted to reduce excess testosterone and improve fertility.
N-acytl-cystine/NAC: Decreases excess androgens and may improve insulin levels
Vitamin D: Promotes anti-inflammatory actions in the body.
Inositol: Improves ovulation and decreases insulin resistance.
*Safety note: Always speak to your trusted health professional before starting a new herb, vitamin, or supplement to make sure that it is the best option for you!
When to seek out the guidance of a naturopath or MD:
While lifestyle and dietary changes are the first place to start when implementing natural treatments for PCOS, a naturopath/functional medical doctor can better support your unique cluster of PCOS symptoms by first conducting specialized functional lab tests. These may include routine serum blood tests as well as dried urine hormone testing to measure just how your body is responding and using its hormones and metabolites. Prior to starting any treatment protocol, it is generally advisable to work with a professional so that they may monitor your symptoms, labs, and ensure that there are no interactions between herbs and supplements with any other medications you may be taking.
A diagnosis of PCOS or even just irregular, painful, uncomfortable periods doesn’t have to be a life sentence. Are you overwhelmed with a PCOS diagnosis or even just irregular, painful, uncomfortable periods? Book in a free 15-minute consultation with Dr. Anousha, and learn about alternate options today! There are solutions to improving your wellness, and we are here to help!
Picture yourself as a calm ancient human collecting berries about 50 meters away from your camp. The day is bright and warm and your basket of succulent ripe berries is half full. Ahh, peaceful.
Suddenly you see a FEROCIOUS BEAR coming towards you. You drop your basket, your heart races, breathing quickens, and with a surge of adrenalin you take off at full speed away from the bear.
Now at a safe distance, your heart rate and breathing normalize as you begin to relax from the above-mentioned frightening experience.
This is stress. An evolved response to a perceived threat to keep the body safe. Stress symptoms are biological (change in breathing and heart rate, sweating, an adrenalin surge) as well as psychological (fear, anxiety). Cortisol (the stress hormone) is responsible for the physiological changes we experience during these periods of agitation and threat. Cortisol and adrenaline quicken the heart rate ensuring that there is enough oxygenated blood being pumped to the brain (vital organ – necessary for survival from said bear) as well as the limbs which help you to escape.
Biology of stress – how it works
Stress can be broken down into 3 stages. (General Adaptation Syndrome by Hans Syele, MD).
Alarm (becoming aware of the bear – experiencing the fight or flight response. ).
Resistance (Where the recovery stage begins, your heart rate and breathing normalize, but your mind and body are still on high alert – what if the bear comes back?). In the resistance stage, the body is still releasing low levels of cortisol
Exhaustion – from the chronic levels of cortisol being released, even your stress adrenal glands become exhausted. Some symptoms of the Exhaustion phase include, depression, burn out, fatigue, decreased stress tolerance.
The brain has a system for responding to an unpleasant stimulus, known as the HPA Axis or, Hypothalamic-Pituitary- Adrenal Axis. The hypothalamus first receives a memo of a stressful trigger, which then causes it to release a chemical message to the pituitary gland. The pituitary responds by releasing another chemical that triggers the adrenal glands (tiny little glands that sit atop the kidneys) to release cortisol. Cortisol then acts on the body to prepare it for a fight or flight response. When the hypothalamus stops receiving any signal of threat, it halts the chemical message to the pituitary leading to downstream effects of decreased cortisol production. After this response the body returns to a state of rest and digest – where digestion is normalized and hormones rebalance. During rest and digest periods the body is able to have restful sleep, metabolize foods, experience a libido and other reproductive processes, and have enough energy stores for day to day living.
Now if the bear was constantly present nearby it’s safe to say that you would be anything but relaxed! Similarly, the presence of chronic stress (a bear or otherwise looming in the background) causes the body to feel on-edge in an unrestful state.
What are symptoms of stress that has become chronic?
Difficulty sleeping, insomnia
Changes in digestion: constipation, diarrhea, bloating and gas
Changes in mood, irritability, anxiety, depression
Hormonal changes in women such as changes in period length or flow
Sources of stress symptoms:
Career and jobs
Our own health, and the health of loved ones
The true dangers lie in the long-term poor management of stress symptoms and experiences of triggering events. Chronically elevated cortisol eventually leads to exhaustion and burn out.
Recognizing and identifying the root causes of stress is integral to learning effective coping strategies for life long wellness.
How to relieve stress:
Quick check-in: how do you feel right now in your body? Is your breathing deep and full or short and shallow? Do you notice any stiffness in your muscles or joints?
Breathing: when there is abundant oxygen going to the brain, your body is reminded that it is notin danger. Deep, slow belly-breaths helps put the body back into rest and digest mode. Try this! Sweet 16 breathing: inhale through your nose for 4 seconds, pause for 4 seconds, exhale slowly through pursed lips for 4 seconds, pause for 4 seconds. Repeat.
Spending time in nature: Unplug once a day and spend time going for walks in a nearby park.
Exercise: health guidelines recommend about 30 min of moderate physical activity daily. Movement is a great way to let off steam!
Seeking out support: reach out to loved ones, a compassionate friend, or a professional who can provide you with the tools to cope and decrease stress symptoms
Limiting junk foods: sugar cravings are a common stress symptom and too much sugar treats can lead to downstream ill health effects. Avoid reliance on coffee, alcohol, and nicotine.
Hobbies you enjoy: create and nurture areas of joy in your life daily!
Boundaries: create space between yourself and the stressful trigger by taking breaks throughout your day, learning when to say no, and prioritizing your self-care routine
Give thanks: an attitude of gratitude helps retrain the mind to focus on positive experiences and outcomes during your day. Positive affirmations help the brain to relieve stress and keep the mind form spiraling into stressful negative thought patterns.
Identify which habits work best for you. Keep a stress symptom journal to pinpoint:
Source of stress
How you reacted
How it felt
What you did to feel better
Monitor these over time as you test out the 9 different techniques to relieve stress.
I often see cases of heartburn and indigestion in my practice.
Sensations range from a gnawing feeling in the upper-belly to acid burning up into the throat and even out the mouth, scorching the
lips. Heartburn can occur due to a variety of reasons including poor dietary habits, pregnancy, medication use (and abuse), tobacco use, low stomach acid, a hernia, and longstanding health conditions.
Symptoms can creep on you; “I’ve had this for so long”, “I don’t remember when it started, but now everything I eat seems to aggravate it” are what I hear frequently in my office.
Heartburn, acidity, indigestion, and even ulcers are achy (at best) and extremely distressful (at worst).
Here are 5 strategies to help reduce bloating and heartburn:
Symptoms of heartburn and reflux are commonly triggered by the foods we eat.
Foods that make reflux worse: acidic foods/juices, high fats, red meats, greasy foods, onion and garlic, spicy foods, tomatoes, and peppermint. If you experience heartburn after meals, consider taking these foods OUT of your diet.
First, posture, posture, posture (while eating)! Maintaining an upright posture helps the food move downwards towards your stomach.
Second, longterm stress may also worsen symptoms of heartburn. Stress puts the body into a state of fight or flight; the opposite is rest and digest. This means that less blood flow is supplied to the digestive system and more supplied to the organs and muscles responsible for dealing with perceived threats. Less blood flow to the digestive system results in the lower esophageal sphincter (connects the esophagus to the stomach) staying open thus allowing for stomach acid to splash up into the esophagus. Re: heartburn.
I like practicing mindful eating techniques. Enjoying my meals when I’m the least distracted (stressed) in order to ensure that my food is digested and nothing splashes back up. To learn more, check out my tips for mindful eating.
Chronic NSAID use
NSAIDs are often used as a tool to help decrease pain and inflammation in the body. Unfortunately one of the side effects includes the erosion of the mucosal lining (protective layer) of the digestive tract; less protection = more injury from acid and digestive juices.
Luckily, there are plenty of alternative options for managing pain and inflammation that spare the mucosal lining; I often recommend options to patients who are looking for healthier solutions to managing their pain. (More on this soon, but my favourite go-to is acupuncture!)
Eliminate alcohol and coffee
These substances relax the tone of the LES and increasing the production of stomach acid. This can worsen symptoms of heartburn and reflux.
Avoid eating 2-3 hours before bed
This goes hand-in-hand with maintaining an upright posture while eating. Waiting a couple of hours between your last meal and bedtime ensures that your meal has been digested and nothing is left behind triggering the production of stomach acid. (And of course, that nothing splashes back up!)
So there you have it! 5 easy strategies for decreasing the burning feeling after meals.
Female Sexual Dysfunction affects an overwhelming number of women globally. Some studies estimate about 41% of premenopausal women experience some form of sexual dysfunction (1).
Female Sexual Dysfunction or FSD is defined as persistent or chronic problems with sexual activity including arousal, orgasm, or pain experienced by women. The causes are multifactorial and include chronic stress, side effects of medications including antidepressants or birth control, hormonal imbalances and (natural decreases in estrogen) menopause, and other health conditions such as depression, diabetes, hypothyroidism. How unsexy – but it doesn’t have to be!
This article will focus on some of the common causes of low libido in women, hormone testing for women, and naturopathic approaches to improving sexual desire.
What is arousal?
A physiological state where there are changes in muscular tension, organ size, heart rate, breathing, that create conditions for copulation. Aspects of arousal are defined by physiological responses such as increases in blood pressure and rate of breathing and a decrease in the activity of the digestive system. While primary arousal is mainly governed by the sympathetic nervous system (aka fight-or-flight nervous system), responses of the parasympathetic nervous system (aka rest-and-digest nervous system) also contribute to the patterns of arousal. Physiologically, arousal patterns are not limited to sexual activity and sympathetic (fight-or-flight) reactions are also present in periods of stress and danger.
How sexual arousal works:
There are 4 stages of arousal: Desire, Arousal, Orgasm, and Resolution.
Desire: General physiological characteristics of the first phase include increased muscular tension, a quickening heart rate and accelerated pattern of breathing. The skin may become flushed and the nipples are erect. Genital blood flow increases and vaginal lubrication begins. Women may also experience swelling of the breasts and vaginal walls, as well as hardening of the nipples.
Arousal: Characteristics of this phase are similar and more intense than the previous stage. Muscle spasms may begin as well as an increase in sensitivity to the erogenous zones.
Orgasm: This phase lasts anywhere between 1-50 seconds in women and consists of involuntary vaginal muscular contractions, and sudden release of tension. A flush may appear over the body.
Resolution: The final phase of arousal where the body slowly returns to its normal level of functioning and swelling of the breasts and vaginal walls reduce to pre-arousal size and colour.
Stress and libido:
In the literature, chronic psychosocial stress is defined as either a “major life event that induces an extended period of stress such as a death in the family” (2) or “the accumulation of small stressors that are frequently present, such as on-going deadlines, traffic, financial troubles” (2).
Researchers noted that it was these smaller stressors, “daily hassles,” that had a profound negative effect on health as compared to a severely traumatic or stressful life incident. Daily hassles like being in traffic or deadlines that never seem to reach completion are related to sexual difficulties amongst individuals. A survey found that women with higher levels of chronic daily stress experienced increased amounts of sexual dysfunction and lower levels of sexual satisfaction; this was represented in a study measuring levels of genital arousal in women who experienced chronic stress (2). In the same population, women who experienced daily stressors had higher levels of salivary cortisol (the stress hormone). Sex drive in females is affected negatively by the presence of daily chronic stressors.
Medication and libido:
Nearly 60% of individuals globally reported sexual dysfunction as a side effect of antidepressant use (3). SSRI’s (a commonly prescribed class of antidepressant) have been linked to significantly decreased libido, arousal, duration and intensity of orgasm (3)
On the other hand, the use of oral contraceptives has mixed side effects, where many experience a decrease in libido. There are some women who do experience an increase in sexual desire (4)
Other conditions and libido:
Sexual dysfunction also presents in a variety of conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, alcoholism, hormonal imbalances, thyroid disease, and as a symptom of depression; approximately 50% of women reported decreased sexual interest prior to treatment of depression (5).
The Naturopathic Approach
A naturopath will first conduct a thorough history and case taking in order to identify some lead causes that may be impacting a woman’s sex drive. Further investigation into hormone levels via blood, saliva, and urinary testing may be ordered when evaluating the root cause of sexual dysfunction. For instance, monitoring changes and imbalance in sex hormones (estradiol, testosterone, DHEA) and stress hormone (cortisol) illustrates that in the presence of chronically elevated cortisol, the sex hormones that are generally elevated during sexual stimulation/desire are lessened.
A naturopathic doctor will investigate all potential causes for low libido (hormonal, stress-related, side effect of a medication), and work with you to create an individualized treatment plan to gently stimulate your body’s natural arousal mechanisms.
Decreased or absent sex drives are frustrating and generally a symptom of a deeper problem.
Though every case is unique, it is important to note that there are no quick fixes and as with any health goal, lasting changes develop over time.
What can you do today to improve factors that negatively impact your libido?
Start with stress! Kick your libido out of neutral and into drive! Practice a beginner’s breathing exercise. Our absolute favourite technique is 7-4-8 breathing. Start by sitting or lying comfortably without distraction and with your eyes closed. Inhale for 7 seconds through your nose. Pause for 4 seconds. Exhale through pursed lips for 8 seconds. Repeat.
Create boundaries between yourself and daily stressors by not bringing them into the bedroom. This means, no work, no screens, no fighting – the bedroom is for sleep and sex only!
Opt for whole foods that support the libido like maca, and limit heavily processed foods and sugars. Fun fact: Maca root consumption in postmenopausal women with sexual dysfunction caused by SSRI antidepressants, ALLEVIATED symptoms!
Have a conversation with your naturopath, doctor, or pharmacist if you feel that your medications might be impacting your sex drive.
Interested in learning more?
Bookin with our naturopath, Dr. Anousha Usman ND, at The Wellness Suite to rediscover your sexual wellness!
Mccool, M. E., Zuelke, A., Theurich, M. A., Knuettel, H., Ricci, C., & Apfelbacher, C. (2016). Prevalence of Female Sexual Dysfunction Among Premenopausal Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Sexual Medicine Reviews,4(3), 197-212.doi:10.1016/j.sxmr.2016.03.002
Hamilton, L. D., & Meston, C. M. (2013). Chronic Stress and Sexual Function in Women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine,10(10), 2443-2454.doi:10.1111/jsm.12249
Higgins, A. (2010). Antidepressant-associated sexual dysfunction: Impact, effects, and treatment. Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety,doi:10.2147/dhps.s7634
Higgins, J. A., & Smith, N. K. (2016). The Sexual Acceptability of Contraception: Reviewing the Literature and Building a New Concept. The Journal of Sex Research,53(4-5), 417-456.doi:10.1080/00224499.2015.1134425
Kennedy, S. H., Eisfeld, B. S., Dickens, S. E., Bacchiochi, J. R., & Bagby, R. M. (2000). Antidepressant-Induced Sexual Dysfunction During Treatment With Moclobemide, Paroxetine, Sertraline, and Venlafaxine. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,61(4), 276-281.doi:10.4088/jcp.v61n0406
Retraining the mind to respond to the body’s hunger cues may seem like a daunting task, but actually begins with a few easy steps! Mindfulness-based eating techniques aid with managing and treating emotional eating, weight gain/loss, support energy and overall health.
Here are 6 tips to try today!
Have an attitude of gratitude: Give thanks before each meal
Be seated: sit in a comfortable position at a table
Chew 30 times: (an arbitrary number) mindful chewing sends messages to the brain that the body is refuelling and well soon be full.
No screens: Power down distractions during meals to fully focus on consuming your meal
Portion food: Measure foods according to guides with reference to your goals and use smaller plates (to visually see that you are indeed consuming a plate-full of delicious food)
Stop when full: Don’t polish off plates, listen to hunger cues. Your body will start to naturally tell you when it doesn’t feel hungry anymore – it might start off as a whisper, listen to it!
In my private practice as well as for my personal wellbeing, I confidently support breathing to manage stress in both immediate and long-term triggers.
Here are a few techniques I often recommend as part of a wellness practice:
But first, just HOW do we breathe? Inhale, exhale, repeat. Easy enough, but did you know the WAY we breathe influences how our bodies respond to stress? For instance, in immediate danger, our heart rate quickens and we take short quick breaths; in calm and peaceful situations our breaths are deeper and slower. By mindfully altering the way we breathe, we can control our responses to situations, and therefore grounding ourselves and increasing our resilience to stress.
Let’s try an experiment together:
Start by sitting or laying down comfortably with your eyes closed (after you finish reading the post of course). Place one hand on your chest and the other on your belly. Now take a deep breath. Which hand moves more?
If you said “the belly hand” – that’s great! You are a belly breather and you may pass Go and collect $200! Or just skip ahead to the tips; and the $200? Think of it like breathing is the currency for the body – the slower and deeper, the richer you are! (Super cheesy, but also super insightful. Pat on the back for me)
If you said “the chest hand” – at least you’re breathing (which is also great!) In order to take a deep, nourishing breath, we must create enough space for our lungs to expand. When this happens our diaphragm (a muscle used to facilitate breathing) pushes our guts downwards (thereby pushing our belly outwards) in order to create the most space available for our lungs to inhale. Think of it like blowing up a balloon. In order to collect the most air, there needs to be room for the balloon to expand.
How do I belly breathe?! Intention, focus, awareness. Allow your shoulders to drop and relax while you focus on filling your belly with air.
Belly breathing that is slow and rhythmic tells the brain that there is no immediate danger because the breathing is now slow, the rest of the body is then able to relax.
Here are some techniques you can try right now!
Start by inhaling through your nostrils for 7 seconds, pausing for 4 seconds, and exhaling for 8 slow seconds. Repeat. Longer exhales represent mindfully letting go of what does not serve our greater purpose in order to create space for new things that do serve us
2. Sweet 16 breaths
Like the 7-4-8 breathing, yet all stages of the breathing are the same number of seconds. Inhale through your nostrils for 4 seconds. Pause for 4 seconds. Exhale via pursed lips for 4 seconds. Pause for 4 seconds. Repeat.
Continue a daily mindful breathing practice for at least 2-3 times in a day and notice how your ability to handle life’s stressors improve! Just learn here how to relieve stress.
What are your favourite techniques? Comment below to let us know!
Do you know what’s the absolute worst? A sinus infection 🙁
Symptoms include: burning and painfully inflamed sinuses, runny nose, stuffy ears, impacted eyesight, headache, tears, a bleak outlook on life… (okay that last one is just us)
As someone who’s sinuses have a personal vendetta against them – I understand your frustration 110%!
When you say your face hurts so bad – I feel you!
When your head is pounding and your nose burns – I feel you!
And when it’s painful to cry? – I feel you too!
Every year my ears, nose, and throat ally-up and wage war against the rest of my body. Every year I anticipate their treason. One of my go-to self-care treatments: WET SOCKS.
The Wet Socks Solution:
By applying cold the to feet, the body’s natural reaction is to warm them up. In order to do so, it increases blood flow to the feet (which naturally draws fluid away from the head and sinuses).
Here’s how to do it:
You will need a pair of cotton socks and a pair of wool ones. Soak the cotton socks in COLD water, and then ring them out thoroughly. Begrudgingly put cold damp socks on feet. Put wool socks on over top. Go to sleep. You’ll wake up in the night with hot feet, dry socks, and a clear head!
This protocol works best before the sinus infection gets too complicated – when that happens: see your trusted naturopathic doctor for solutions for your symptoms!
Reclaim your face!
If the socks aren’t cold enough, try freezing the dampened socks! Visit Now!